Dictionary / Glossary
This is a list of terms and symbols that you may see when researching
that were common at the time, but no-so-common now. Please let me
know if you
additions or clarifications for these definitions!
- Backwards lower-case 'f' - This is an 's'. You may see an
's' with a backwards lower-case 'f' together and this is a double
- Word starting with two lower-case 'ff' - This is a Capital 'F'
- Baxter - Baker.
- Bleacher - Works in textile or paper mill (bleaching).
- Brazier - Works with brass.
- Brewster - Beer manufacturer.
- Candler - Makes and/or sells candles.
- Carter - Person who carries things in a Cart; Worked with cart
on farm or in town.
- Cartwright - Makes/Repairs horse-drawn carts.
- Chandler - Dealer or trader.
- Clerk - Clergyman; Cleric.
- Combmaker - Makes combs for textiles; Makes combs for hair.
- Cordwainer - Shoemaker.
- Crowner - Coroner.
- Cutter - Cuts cloth for a tailor.
- Draper - Dry goods dealer; Dealer in fabric and sewing
- Dresser - Surgeon's assistant.
- Flesher - Butcher.
- Glazier - Window glassman.
- Hacker - Hoe maker.
- Hatter - Person who makes hats.
- Holster - Tends to horses, often at an Inn.
- Huckster - Sells small wares.
- Jagger - Fish peddler.
- Kempster - Wool comber.
- Malster - Brewer.
- Mason - Bricklayer.
- Millwright - Mechanic.
- Nailer - Blacksmith who makes nails.
- Porter - Baggage carrier; Door keeper.
- Puddler - Works in a puddling or ball furnace where cast iron is
turned into wrought iron
- Quarrier - Works in stone quarry.
- Roper - Maker of rope and/or nets.
- Saddler - Makes/repairs/sells saddles and other horse
- Sawyer - Carpenter.
- Squire - Farm owner; Justice of Peace.
- Tanner - One who cures animal hide into leather.
- Wainwright - Wagon maker.
- Wheelwright - One who repairs wheels (carriage).
- Yeoman - Farmer who owns his land.
- Esq. or Esqr. - Esquire. Written after the name of those
considered entitled to the designation (lawyer and other
professionals); a mark of respect.
- Relict - Widow.
- Spinster - Unmarried woman.